Carrot - Scarlet Nantes
Carrot - Scarlet Nantes $3.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Carrot Variety: Scarlet Nantes Family: Carota Botanical Name: Daucus carota subsp. sativus Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 Growing Difficulty:  4             Soil PH:  7.0 Fertilizer Requirements:  10-10-10 Soil Type: Rich, Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 8 to 10 Soil Temp for Germination: 40-60°F Lighting Conditions: Full Sun Days to Maturity:  65 – 75      Planting Depth:  1/2” Distance Apart (in row):  2" Row Spacing: 12"   Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW WHEN SOIL TEMPERATURE IS ABOVE 40°F Starting Indoors DO NOT START INDOORS Growing Tips Carrots like the Scarlet Nantes can be started 2 to 3 weeks before the last frost. Make sure to plant the seeds about 1/2in deep in a deeply worked soil that is fine in texture and weed-free. We recommend planting carrots just 2 inches apart and thin to 4 inches once established (optional). Culinary Uses Commonly served fresh or steamed. Harvesting Crops Once the top of the carrot turns a bright orange, it is ready to harvest. For a smaller and continual harvest, it is recommended to use a hand trowel to selectively harvest only a few carrots at a time. If you have allowed the entire harvest to reach maturity at once, using a pitchfork and shovel is the quickest way to harvest your carrot crop. Insert the pitchfork at an angle beside your carrots (being careful not to pierce your carrots) and pry the soil upwards. This should break the soil up and expose your carrots. Harvesting Seed Each carrot can produce over 1,000 flowers and seeds. A small crop in the beginning could produce thousands of carrots if you harvested all the seeds. Because carrots are biennial plants, they will not produce seeds the first year and must be overwintered. You will harvest your carrot seeds the second growing season. Leave the largest and best appearing carrots in the ground over winter after their first season of growing. Prune the tops in the spring of the second year to remove any dead or damaged sections of leaves. The seeds will mature about 4-6 weeks after the flowers are pollinated. Watch for seeds to turn brown and detach from the umbels. Cut stalks when about 80-90% of the seeds are matured. (The seeds nearest the top will be the highest quality) Place stems upside down in a paper bag to dry for several days. Shake the stems inside of the paper bag to collect your seed stock. Store the seeds properly in a cool dry area for planting your next crop.
Watermelon - Crimson Sweet
Watermelon - Crimson Sweet $3.95
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Melon Type: Watermelon Variety: Crimson Sweet Family: Cucurbita Botanical Name: Cucurbita citrullus Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 Growing Difficulty:  3 Soil PH:  5.5 to 6.5 Fertilizer Requirements: Nitrogen Soil Type: Rich, Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 3 to 10               Soil Temp for Germination: 80-95°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  80-85 Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  6-8ft Row Spacing: 6-8ft Sowing Instructions IN WARM CLIMATES – DIRECT SOW WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 75°F Starting Indoors IN COOL CLIMATES – 3 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST – TRANSPLANT 1 WEEK AFTER LAST FROST Growing Tips Plant your watermelons in full sun, with rich and loose soil. Young starts may benefit from black plastic to bring the soil up to temperature quicker. Once the vines begin to develop, spread a layer of mulch to keep the soil moist, control weeds, and prevent the melons from too much contact with the soil. Keep the soil moist until the fruits begin to grow, only water the plants once the soil dries out completely after fruiting. Make sure to keep an eye out for pests, as they can be harmful to developing melons. Culinary Uses Watermelon makes the best summertime treats, harvest your melons and bring them directly inside to be sliced or balled. Harvesting Crops Everyone has their own way of determining when a watermelon is ripe, but there are a couple sure-fire ways to know that you are harvesting the melon at the peak of maturity. Turn the melon slightly to see the color of the skin touching the mulch, if it is yellow, the melon is ready to be harvested. You may also knock on the melon, listening for a dull thump instead of a hollow ring. The last way to check ripeness is to look at the tendril closest to the stem. If this is turning brown, your melon is ripe and ready for picking. Watermelons will keep for several weeks in a cool place out of direct sunlight. Harvesting Seed Be cautious when planting your watermelons, as they will cross-pollinate with other watermelon varieties easily. When the watermelon is ripe and ready for harvest, the seeds are mature enough to save. Cut the melon to remove the seeds. Wash them thoroughly to remove the sticky residue. Spread them out on a flat dry surface to dry for roughly one week. Once dried and safely stored, they should be viable for up to four years depending on how you store them.
Squash - Zucchini Black Beauty
Squash - Zucchini Black Beauty $3.39
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Squash Variety: Zucchini Black Beauty Family: Curcubitaceae           Botanical Name: Cucurbita pepo Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  6.2 – 6.8 Fertilizer Requirements: 24-8-16 Soil Type: Rich, Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 3 to 10               Soil Temp for Germination: 68-95°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  45 - 65 Planting Depth:  1/2” Distance Apart (in row):  36-48” Row Spacing: 10-12ft Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN WARM, FERTILE SOIL WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 65°F Starting Indoors 4 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST, TRANSPLANT 2 WEEKS AFTER LAST FROST IN PEAT POT Growing Tips IMPORTANT - When planting Zucchini, choose an area where you have not planted squash or related crops within the past 2 years. If starting indoors, make sure to harden off the seedlings by introducing them to the outside weather conditions for several hours per day for at least a week before transplanting. When the soil temperature reaches an average of 65°F, you can transplant or directly sow your squash seeds. We recommend planting squash in the same way that you would plant pumpkins (mound planting). Plant two squash plants per hill, separate the hills by about 8-10’ apart. Zucchini can be companion planted with corn, but you should avoid planting your squash near potatoes. Place a layer of mulch under your squash plants to control moisture and prevent weeds. This will also protect the squash from too much ground moisture and keep the fruit clean. You should start pinching off many of the blooms during midsummer to allow the plant to focus energy on the squash production of only a few fruits per plant. Culinary Uses Zucchini has a variety of uses, many of which are like other squash varieties. Our personal favorite is sliced and sautéed with butter. You may also puree the zucchini to be used in muffins or breads. Harvesting Crops Zucchini has the best flavor when the fruits get to about 4-5” in length. After the plant starts to produce mature fruit, be prepared to pick the fruits every day or two. Zucchini keeps well in the refrigerator for about two weeks and is also a good candidate for freezer storage. Harvesting Seed Once the zucchini has reached its mature size, the seeds are ready to harvest. Like a pumpkin, you will need to cut the zucchini open to expose the seeds and pulp. Use a colander to rinse the pulp and seeds. Separate the pulp further by using a bowl of water. The seeds you will want to keep are the ones that sink in the bowl of water. Make sure to thoroughly dry your zucchini seeds by placing them on a flat surface for several weeks and turning them regularly to make sure they are completely dry. Store you seeds in a cool dry place. Zucchini seeds are usually viable for about 4 years from harvest, depending on your storage methods.
Basil Sweet Genovese Seeds
Basil - Genovese $3.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Herb Type: Basil Variety: Genovese Family: Lamiaceae Botanical Name: Ocimum Basilicum Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 Growing Difficulty:  3 Soil PH:  6.0 – 6.5 Fertilizer Requirements:  14-14-14 Soil Type: Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 5 – 14  Soil Temp for Germination: 70°F Lighting Conditions: Full Sun Days to Maturity:  60 – 90 Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  6-10” Row Spacing: 30-36”   Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW AFTER DANGER OF LAST FROST Starting Indoors 6-8 WEEKS BEFORE DANGER OF LAST FROST Growing Tips Genovese Basil prefer to grow in rich, fertile soil with at least six hours of sunlight per day. It is best to grow in a rich compost instead of fertilizer, as Basil will become bitter and less potent when grown with artificial fertilizers. Perennial in zones 10 and above. Culinary Uses Genovese Basil is commonly used as an herb in many Italian and Mexican dishes. You will find a variety of uses to flavor pesto, caprise salad and many other dishes that would be complimented by large fresh basil leaves. Medicinal Uses Basil is often used in medicine to treat digestion and liver problems. It can help to detoxify the body and works as a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-depressant. Headache and migraine sufferers also praise the Basil plants healing ability. Basil is also commonly used to treat wounds and skin conditions. Harvesting Crops Continually pinch fresh leaves off the Basil plant to encourage a bushier production and prevent it from flowering too soon. You can harvest basil plants continually through the summer months if properly maintained. Harvesting Seed Allow the Basil to bolt and begin flowering. At this point, the basil plant will stop producing new leaves and the energy used will be to produce new flowers and seeds. The seeds are found in the spent flower head. It is best to use a fine colander, as the basil seeds are very small. Cut off the spent flower heads and allow them to dry for several days in a warm dry location. Crush the flower heads over the colander and pick out the flower remnants to be left with just seeds.
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Lettuce - Butter Crunch
Lettuce - Butter Crunch $3.35
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Lettuce Variety: Butter Crunch Family: Lamiaceae Botanical Name: Lactuca sativa var. capitata Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  6.0 to 7.0 Fertilizer Requirements: 8-15-36 Soil Type: Average to Rich, Well-Draining Germination (days): 5 to 10 Soil Temp for Germination: 40-65°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  21 - 55 Planting Depth:  1/8” Distance Apart (in row):  8 - 10" Row Spacing: 12-18" Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 40°F Starting Indoors 3 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips Lettuce seeds need light to help them germinate, so make sure you plant shallow. Because of this, it is a good idea to plant lettuce about 1 inch apart and thin after germination. Keep soil moist during the germination period, as shallow seeds will tend to dry out, or even wash away if the soil is allowed to become too dry and later watered. Common Uses Use buttercrunch lettuce as you would any regular lettuce. Buttercrunch has a rich flavor profile and is an excellent complement to any dish. Harvesting Crops You can start harvesting your lettuce leaves at about 21 days; however you'll want to be careful not to damage the head (which will be ready in about 55 days). Harvesting Seed Allow a couple of lettuce plants to bolt and flower. These flowers will dry out on plant and have puffs of white cotton showing around the top (like a dandelion). Pick these flower heads and toss them in a bag. Break the flower heads apart and oval shaped seeds will fall out. Allow the seeds to dry for a couple of weeks before safely storing them for the next growing season.
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Celery - Utah 52-70
Celery - Utah 52-70 from $2.79
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Celery Variety: Utah 52-70 Family: Umbellifers Botanical Name: Apium graveolens Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 Growing Difficulty:  3         Soil PH:  6.0 to 7.0 Fertilizer Requirements:  5-10-10 Soil Type: Rich, Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 10 to 21 Soil Temp for Germination: 60-75°F Lighting Conditions: Full Sun Days to Maturity:  90 – 100      Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row): 12" Row Spacing: 18-24"   Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW 10-12 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Starting Indoors 10-12 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips Celery is a plant that requires quite a bit of water to produce a healthy harvest. This is a cool weather plant that requires nearly 16 weeks of cooler weather to be ready for harvest. In areas with a cool spring and summer, you should plant your celery in early spring. If you are in a southern climate with warmer spring and summer conditions, you should plant in late summer for a late fall or early winter harvest. Celery does not tolerate high heat and does best when growing between 60° and 70°F. You should keep the soil consistently moist, otherwise it will become tough and stringy or produce woody hollow stalks. Fertilize celery during its growth period. Culinary Uses Commonly used as a staple item in soups, stews, roasts, salads and other recipes. Medicinal Uses Celery seed is used as a spice and medicinally as well. The seed is thought to aid in digestion, appetite, curing the common cold and flu, liver and spleen health, arthritis treatments, and many other medicinal remedies. Harvesting Crops Harvest the celery anytime between young stalks and full maturity, the flavor will be the same. Younger stalks will be more tender than those allowed to fully mature. Always harvest the stalks from the outside-in, as the oldest stalks will be on the outside of the plant. The darker the stalks, the more nutrients they will contain. However, the darker stalks will also be the toughest. Celery should be kept in plastic bags in your refrigerator and can keep for several weeks. Harvesting Seed Celery is a Biennial plant; therefore, it will not produce harvestable seeds until its second year. Leave your best performing plants as your seed stock. You may still use these plants as a regular harvest, just leave the center stalks to overwinter and produce seeds the next year. In the plants second year an umbrella shaped flower will form. White petals will form and eventually fall off. The ovary (below the flowers) will swell with developing seed. Wait until these seeds turn a tan to brown color and dry on the stalks. The seeds are ready to harvest when the seeds fall off with a slight touch. Cut the bloom carefully and shake upside down into a paper bag. Safely store your celery seeds in a cool dry place for your next growing season.
Pepper - Banana (Sweet)
Pepper - Banana (Sweet) $3.59
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Pepper Variety: Banana (Sweet) Family: Capsicum Annum Botanical Name: Unk. Hardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 Growing Difficulty:  2 Soil PH:  6.0 to 6.8 Fertilizer Requirements: 5-10-10 Soil Type: Rich, Loamy, Well-Draining Germination (days): 10 to 14 Soil Temp for Germination: 75-85°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  69 - 80 Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  18-24" Row Spacing: 24-36"   Sowing Instructions NOT RECOMMENDED FOR DIRECT SOW Starting Indoors 6 - 8 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips We recommend starting Banana Pepper seeds indoors roughly 8 weeks before your last danger of frost. Make sure the soil is around 75 - 85 degrees for proper germination. Pepper plants will need a grow light for 12-16 hours each day. Harden off seedlings before transplanting by exposing them to the current weather conditions for several hours each day before planting in the ground. Transplant the pepper seedlings once the outside temperature reaches 60-65 degrees F in the daytime and no lower than 50°F at night. Culinary Uses Banana Peppers are a widely used pepper for a variety of recipes. These extremely easy to grow plants are used for everything from pickling to salsas. Harvesting Crops You should wait to harvest your Banana Peppers until the pepper itself turns yellow and they are able to easily snap off the stem. At this point, your peppers will have a mild sweet flavor. If left to continue ripening on the plant, your peppers will develop more heat and turn from yellow to orange and eventually red. Use this as an indicator of the heat factor of your peppers. If your goal is to dry the peppers after harvest, wait until your peppers turn bright red before picking. Harvesting Seed You must be careful when growing pepper plants, as they will cross pollinate with many other varieties of pepper plants. You will need to isolate or cage (bee netting) your plants to preserve the strain you are growing. Allow the plant to fully mature. Remove the best peppers and cut them in half to expose their seeds. Spread the seeds out on a paper towel and dry for about 2 weeks. Once dried, store safely until next growing season.
Detroit Dark Red Beet Seeds
Beet - Detroit Dark Red $3.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Beet Variety: Detroit Dark Red Family: Beetroot Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  6.0 to 7.0 Fertilizer Requirements:  10-10-10 Soil Type: Deep, Well Drained (Never Clay) Germination (days): 5 to 15 Soil Temp for Germination: 55-75°F Lighting Conditions: Full Sun Days to Maturity:  60 – 65 Planting Depth:  1/2” Distance Apart (in row):  3" Row Spacing: 12-18"   Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW 4 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Starting Indoors 4-6 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips Keep the soil moist until germination occurs, then mulch with a layer of leaves or straw to cut down watering needs. For earlier harvests, sow seeds indoors under grow lights for 4-6 weeks before last frost. Be sure to harden seedlings off before moving outside. When planting, make sure to work the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches to allow the beets to grow unobstructed. Difficult to work soils such as clay can prevent the beets from reaching their full size. Beets grow best in loose, fertile and friable soil. Most Beets are multigerm, meaning they will produce several plants from a single seed. This makes it important to properly thin your plants before they choke each other out. Culinary Uses Beets are nutrient packed root vegetables that can be used in a variety of ways. Some of the ways beets are used: Crushed, Pickled, Sandwiches, Salt-roasted, Risotto, Tomato Soup, Latkes, Soy-braised. Medicinal Uses Beets have also been used medicinally in numerous ways. Some of the claimed health benefits of beats are: Blood Pressure reducing, athletic booster, anti-inflammatory, digestive health, brain health, anti-cancer properties, weight loss. Harvesting Crops When Beets have reached their maturity, pull them out of the ground and cut their tops off. Store the beets unwashed in a plastic bag in the refrigerator or packed in sand in a cool dark place. Make sure to leave an inch of the stem intact. Harvesting Seed Beets are Biennial plants, so they will not produce seed until the next year. Of course, they must survive the winter to be able to do this. It is a good idea to separate a small portion of your crop to become a 'seed crop'. Do not harvest the greens, or the root and let this plant stay where it sits until next years harvest. Wait until the tops have turned brown and cut off the top 4 inches. Store these in a cool dry area for a few weeks to allow the seeds to ripen. The seeds can then be stripped of the dried foliage and placed in a bag to be used next growing season.
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Dill - Common
Dill - Common $3.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Herb Type: Dill Variety: Common Family: Apiaceae Botanical Name: Anethum graveolens Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  5.5 to 6.7 Fertilizer Requirements:  5-10-5 Soil Type: Well Drained, Slightly Acidic Germination (days): 7 to 14 Soil Temp for Germination: 60-70°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  65 – 75    Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  12" Row Spacing: 24-36" Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 60°F Starting Indoors DO NOT START INDOORS Growing Tips Direct sow your Dill seeds when after the danger of last frost, when the soil temperatures are above 60°F. Culinary Uses Dill is commonly used to as a spice or garnish to compliment many dishes. It can be used fresh cut or dried. Medicinal Uses Dill is also a surprising medicinal plant. Although typically thought of as a spice, most of the Dill plant can be used for medicinal purposes. Dill has been used to aid digestions problems, liver problems, urinary tract disorders, infections, and many other conditions. Some of the chemical compounds produced by the Dill plant may help to relax muscles. Other chemical compounds may be able to fight bacteria and increase urine production similar to a water pill. Additional uses include: Anti-aging, Menstrual Cramps, Cholesterol reduction, Labor Pains, Bronchitis, Colds, Cough, Digestive Tract Problems, Fever Reducer, Gallbladder Problems, Infections, Intestinal Gas, Liver Problems, Loss of Appetite, Sleep Disorders, Sore Mouth and Throat, Spasms, UTI, and other conditions. Harvesting Crops Harvest from your plant regularly to keep it from flowering and going to seed too soon. Harvesting Seed Allow some of your plants to develop flowers and seeds. Wait until the seeds turn brown and the clusters grow heavier. (Plants may need staked to keep seeds high off ground) Use a paper bag to collect your seed head clippings. Store them in a warm, dry place for a couple weeks. Safely store your dried seeds for next season.
Lavender - English
Lavender - English $4.28
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Herb Type: Lavender Variety: English Family: Lamiaceae Botanical Name: Lavandula Hardiness Zones: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 Growing Difficulty:  6         Soil PH:  6.5 to 7.5 Fertilizer Requirements: None Soil Type: Moderately Fertile, Well Drained Germination (days): 15 to 20 Soil Temp for Germination: 65-70°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  60 - 65 Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  12" Row Spacing: 30-36" Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 60°F Starting Indoors 6-8 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips In climate zones 1-6, plant in spring or early summer. In climates 7-10, it is recommended to plant in the fall to get root systems established during the cooler temperatures. Lavender prefers fast draining soil and does not like soggy roots. Only water (once established) when the ground becomes very dry. Culinary Uses Believe it or not, lavender is a great flavoring aid in many foods and beverages. Try it in some homemade ice cream for a delectable treat. Medicinal Uses Lavender is commonly used as a medicinal ingredient in many herbal remedies. Some of these include anxiety, stress, insomnia, depression, dementia, pain after surgery, and many more. Additional Uses Believe it or not, lavender is also a great flavoring aid in many foods and beverages. Try it in some homemade ice cream for a delectable treat. Harvesting Crops Lavender is best when harvested when the buds have formed, but the flowers have not yet opened. The closed buds will retain their fragrance longer for use in many crafts and recipes. Harvesting Seed Harvesting lavender seed is straight forward. Wait until the lavender blooms have died and begin to turn brown. The seed head will develop in this stage and once the seed head matures it may burst and scatter the seeds. We suggest harvesting the stalks as soon as you see the first signs of seed heads bursting and immediately hanging the stalks upside down in a paper bag to collect the matured seeds. Allow the seeds to dry thoroughly over the course of a couple weeks and store properly for the next growing season.
Turnip - Purple Top
Turnip - Purple Top $3.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Vegetable Type: Turnip Variety: Purple Top Family: Brassicaceae Botanical Name: Brassica rapa subsp. rapa Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Growing Difficulty:  3         Soil PH:  6.0 to 6.5 Fertilizer Requirements: None Soil Type: Rich, Loose, Well-Draining Germination (days): 7 to 15               Soil Temp for Germination: 45-85°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  40 - 50 Planting Depth:  1/2” Distance Apart (in row):  4-6” Row Spacing: 12-24” Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW 3 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST OR AFTER SUMMER HEAT FOR FALL CROP Starting Indoors DO NOT START INDOORS Growing Tips Purple Top Turnips are a cool weather crop and thrive when planted around three weeks before the last spring frost. If you are in a southern climate, we recommend planting your turnips after the heat of the summer has passed to have an abundant fall and early winter harvest. We recommend the use of mulch to control moisture and prevent weeds from overtaking your crop. The only pest to watch out for is the black harlequin bug, if spotted, remove these pests to prevent crop damage. Culinary Uses Turnips can be used the same way that potatoes would be used in dishes. Try turnips baked or broiled, in soups, stews and stir-fries. Turnips are also excellent when lightly steams or roasted with butter and salt. Harvesting Crops If harvesting for the greens, harvest them as soon as they reach a good enough size for eating. If harvesting for both the greens and the root, you should only harvest 2 to 3 leaves per root. Keep in mind that smaller turnips have the most tenderness and flavor. They should be pulled when they reach around 1-3” in size. Cut the tops to about ½” and store in a cool dark place (do not wash dirt off until ready to use). Gardeners with warmer winters should apply a mulch layer and leave the crop in the ground over winter. Harvesting Seed Use caution when planting Turnips, as they will cross-pollinate with other varieties of turnips. This vegetable is a Biennial and will need to over-winter before harvesting seeds. In warmer climates, a layer of mulch will be sufficient protection for over-wintering. In colder climates, you should dig up the turnips, trim the tops to 1” and store them in damp sand at 33-40°F until you’re able to replant in the spring. Once replanted, the turnips will start to grow flowering stalks with seed pods. Once the seed pod turns brown, remove the pods or entire plant and hang upside down in a safe location to dry. Crush the seed pods to expose the seeds and store in a cool dry place. Seeds should stay viable for up to 4 years depending on your storage method.
Nasturtium - Jewel Mix
Nasturtium - Jewel Mix $4.29
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Flower Type: Nasturtium Variety: Jewel Mix Family: Tropaeolaceae          Botanical Name: Tropaeolum majus Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 Growing Difficulty:  3         Soil PH:  6.0 to 8.0 Fertilizer Requirements: None Soil Type: Moderately Fertile, Moist, Well-Draining Germination (days): 10 to 12 Soil Temp for Germination: 55-65°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN, PART SHADE Days to Maturity:  35 – 52 Planting Depth:  1/2” Distance Apart (in row):  10-12" Row Spacing: 12-24" Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 55°F Starting Indoors 4-6 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips Nasturtium prefers poor soil, so it's typically an easy plant to grow. Be sure to soak your Nasturtium seeds in water overnight or about 12 hours to help the seedlings break through the thick outer shell. Some growers even knick the seed hull with nail clippers prior to soaking. Generally, an annual plant, but considered a perennial in zones 9 through 11. Culinary Uses Nasturtium is an edible flower that can be eaten for a spicy mustard green type of flavor. Simply pluck the flowers and add them to your salads for a colorful and complex flavor. Companion Uses Many gardeners use Nasturtium to encourage butterflies and pollinating insects to visit their gardens. However, it is also used as a beneficial companion plant for most vegetable varieties. Nasturtiums are known to deter aphids, whiteflies, cucumber beetles and a variety of other garden pests. Harvesting Crops Pluck the flower heads and harvest the leaves for a variety of edible uses. You can even use the seeds as an alternative to capers. Harvesting Seed Allow the nasturtiums pea sized seeds to mature on the plant. They will dry out on the vine and eventually fall off. Once they fall off, collect them and dust the dirt off. Dry the seeds for a few weeks in a cool dry place and safely store them for use in the next growing season.
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Parsley - Moss Curled
Parsley - Moss Curled $2.95
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Herb Type: Parsley Variety: Moss Curled Family: Apiaceae Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  6.5 to 7.0 Fertilizer Requirements: 5-10-5        Soil Type: Rich, Well-Draining Germination (days): 14 to 28 Soil Temp for Germination: 40-65°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN, SHADE Days to Maturity:  60 - 70 Planting Depth:  1/4” Distance Apart (in row):  6" Row Spacing: 12 - 18" Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN OR PART SHADE WHEN SOIL TEMPS ARE ABOVE 40°F Starting Indoors 4-6 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips When direct sowing into garden, make sure the soil is rich with compost and worked to a depth of 8". This plant does best in rich, moist, and deep soil with Sun or Part Shade. When starting indoors, soak seeds in warm water overnight. Start in a sunny location 6 weeks before outdoor planting. Culinary Uses Parsley goes great in many cuisines and sauces. Medicinal Uses Parsley has numerous medicinal uses. The leaf, seed and roots of the plant are used to make medicine. Take parsley by mouth for bladder infections, kidney stones, GI disorders, constipation, diabetes, cough, asthma, and even high blood pressure. Harvesting Crops Start harvesting your Parsley when the stems have three or more clusters of leaves. The stems having less than three clusters should be left to grow. Plant parsley every 2 weeks until late spring to have an everlasting crop. Harvesting Seed Parsley plants are Biennial, which means that you will have to wait till the second year to harvest any seeds from your Parsley plant. Bring a couple of Parsley plants indoors if you are in a cold climate and maintain them through the winter (they will continue to provide fresh parsley). Plant them back outside in the early spring and let these plants go to flower. Remember to choose your best plants for saving overwinter. These will provide the healthiest seed stock. Harvest your seed heads when they become dark in color (lighter ones may not germinate). Dry them for several weeks and store them for next season.
Cosmos - Bright Lights
Cosmos - Bright Lights $3.39
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Cosmos - Bright Lights flowers are easy to grow and butterflies love them. They are a drought tolerant flower and can tolerate poor soil. This makes Cosmos an excellent choice for first time or even experienced gardeners. Add a little color indoors as well, Cosmos make great cutting flowers with lasting blooms that display well.  Category: Flower Type: Cosmos Variety: Bright Lights Family: Cosmos sulphureus  Botanical Name: Sulfur cosmos Hardiness Zones: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 Growing Difficulty:  2         Soil PH:  5.5 to 7.5 Fertilizer Requirements:  None Soil Type: Loamy, Avg Moisture, Well-Drained Germination (days): 7 to 14 Soil Temp for Germination: 70-80°F Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN Days to Maturity:  80 – 90 Planting Depth:  1/8” Distance Apart (in row):  12-18" Row Spacing: 18-24" Cosmos Planting Instructions Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW WHEN SOIL TEMPERATURE IS ABOVE 65°F Starting Indoors 4-6 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips If sown outdoors, seeds may be simply raked into a row. If planting in cells, cover the seeds lightly with about a 1/16th - 1/8th inch of dirt. Keep moist until germination occurs (7 - 14 days). Common Uses Cosmos are beneficial flowers to keep certain garden pests away. Used in companion planting, they will not only add a beautiful display of color to your garden but protect your other garden plants. Crops Pick the flowers to add as a garnish to salads or meat dishes. Harvesting Seed Harvest Cosmos seed when the flowers head has died. Pluck the heads off and place them into a paper bag. Shake the flower heads in the bag to harvest the loose seeds.
Chamomile - German
Chamomile - German $3.59
Packed in Resealable Long Life MylarMoisture Proof Packets10+ Year Survival Seed Viability Category: Herb Type: Chamomile Variety: German Family: Daisy Botanical Name: Matricaria Chamomilla Hardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9 Growing Difficulty:  2 Soil PH:  5.6 to 7.5 Fertilizer Requirements:  None Soil Type: Rich, Dry, Well-Draining Germination (days): 7 to 14 Soil Temp for Germination: 65-85°F Lighting Conditions:  Partial Shade/Full Sun Days to Maturity:  60 – 90      Planting Depth:  Surface Distance Apart (in row): 4-6" Row Spacing: 6-12"   Sowing Instructions DIRECT SOW IN FULL SUN AFTER LAST FROST Starting Indoors 4-6 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST Growing Tips Chamomile grows best in cool and partly shaded areas. Soil should be mostly dry and does not need fertilizer as this can cause weak foliage and fewer flowers. Do not fret about a missed watering, this powerful plant is drought tolerant and does not require much water. Culinary Uses Chamomile leaves tend to be bitter and should be used sparingly but are edible. The blossoms are sweet and are great for desserts like ice cream, custard, and baking. Flowers are also a great garnish or used to add a flavorful statement in salads. Medicinal Uses Chamomile is thought to be able to treat upset stomach and assist as a natural sleep aid. Often found in soaps, lotions and cosmetics, Chamomile is credited with being a great skin care herb. When distilled into an oil, it is often used as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal. Harvesting Crops Chamomile flowers will bloom all summer, allowing for a bountiful harvest. The flowers are ready once they fully open (unlike calendula). Simply pluck the flower head from the stem and allow it to dry in an airy environment, away from sunlight. If the flowers are left too long, this annual plant with self-seed and may surprise you with many new starts the next year. Harvesting Seed Once the flowers are done blooming, the seeds should be visible. Harvest the seeds by placing the flower heads in a brown paper bag and shaking. They should easily fall out of the flower heads and once separated from the chaff, all that is left is to store them in a cool dry place until next growing season.