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- Category: Vegetable
- Type: Pepper
- Variety: Cayenne Long Hot Red
- Family: Capsicum Annum
- Botanical Name: Unk.
- Hardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
- Growing Difficulty: 3
- Soil PH: 6.1 to 6.5
- Fertilizer Requirements: 5-10-10
- Soil Type: Rich, Loamy, Well-Draining
- Germination (days): 16 to 20
- Soil Temp for Germination: 75-85°F
- Lighting Conditions: FULL SUN
- Days to Maturity: 70 - 80
- Planting Depth: 1/4”
- Distance Apart (in row): 18-24"
- Row Spacing: 24-36"
DIRECT SOW AFTER DANGER OF LAST FROST IN WARMER CLIMATES
8-10 WEEKS BEFORE LAST FROST
Cayenne peppers will grow as an annual plan in most zones, but zones 9 - 11 the Cayenne pepper will grow as a perennial.
We recommend starting Cayenne Pepper seeds indoors roughly 8 weeks before your last danger of frost. Make sure the soil is around 80-85 degrees for proper germination. Pepper plants will need a grow light for 12-16 hours each day.
Harden off seedlings before transplanting by exposing them to the current weather conditions for several hours each day before planting in the ground.
Transplant the pepper seedlings once the outside temperature reaches 60-65 degrees F in the daytime and no lower than 50°F at night. If plants begin to wilt in extreme sun and heat, provide shade.
Cayenne Peppers are used in many Asian, Southern, Indian, and Mexican dishes. A small amount of Cayenne will offer a sweet/spicy heat to sauces, beans, and more. Use as a dry rub for meats.
Use fresh, dried, or as a seasoning for other recipes.
Cayenne Peppers are packed with medicinal remedies as well. People use these peppers to boost metabolism, reduce hunger, may lower blood pressure, aid digestive health, may relieve pain, may improve psoriasis, and may reduce cancer risk. The capsaicin in cayenne peppers is the beneficial compound of the pepper.
Cayenne Long Hot peppers will get hotter the longer you leave them on the plant. So, depending on your preference of colors and flavors (hot or mild) you may harvest at different times. If you pick the peppers while they are still green, the plant will continue producing.
Harvest once the green pepper is almost a mature size for green peppers or leave on longer for a sweeter pepper.
It is best to harvest the peppers early, because if left to mature the plant will think that it is done producing. Use a sharp knife or pair of garden shears to pick the peppers as you will want to be careful not to damage the plant.
You must be careful when growing pepper plants, as they will cross pollinate with many other varieties of pepper plants. You will need to isolate or cage (bee netting) your plants to preserve the strain you are growing.
Allow the plant to fully mature. Remove the best peppers and cut them in half to expose their seeds.
Spread the seeds out on a paper towel and dry for about 2 weeks. Once dried, store safely until next growing season. Generally, Cayenne Pepper seeds will be viable for 2 years from harvest depending on storage.
100% SURVIVAL GRADE
Every one of Seed Armory's famous seed vaults contains only 100% survival grade, 100% heirloom seeds, and are always non-GMO. Our seeds, vaults, and packets are kept at low refrigerated temperatures until ready for shipping.
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